Archived Facts

(PRWEB) May 29, 2012

HRA vs. HSA

Which is better: A Health Reimbursement Arrangement (HRA) or a Health Savings Account (HSA)?

The answer depends on what a business is trying to accomplish. For most businesses, HRAs are Superior to HSAs

What is a Health Reimbursement Arrangement (HRA)?

A Health Reimbursement Arrangement, or HRA, is notional account that employers use to reimburse employees healthcare expenses. Funds do not accumulate in a separate account; rather, employers pay only after their employees incur expenses.

What is a Health Savings Account (HSA)?

A Health Savings Account, or HSA, is a financial account established by an individual to pay for qualified medical expenses. HSAs must be linked with a qualified high-deductible health insurance plan, and anyone can contribute to it.

(1) HRA vs HSA: Which One is Right for Your Business?

Several characteristics make HRAs superior for employers, while still benefiting employees. HSAs generally favor employees but are more costly to employers. Here are key similarities and differences you should remember:

(2) HRA vs HSA: Similarities

Employer contributions to both HRAs and HSAs are tax-deductible. Employees arent taxed on these contributions: Employer HRA contributions are excluded from wages, while employees deduct HSA contributions on their personal tax returns.

Both HRAs and HSAs encourage employee “consumerism,” helping them pay attention to healthcare costs and use healthcare more prudently. Theyre rewarded by having unused funds roll forward each year.

Generally, HRAs are better for employers while still very beneficial for employees. To make the right decision, however, you need to understand the key differences between HRAs and HSAs.

(3) HRA vs HSA: Important Differences

The differences between HRAs and HSAs relate to control, flexibility, and simplicity.

Control. Employers have more control over costs with HRAs. Only employers may contribute to HRAs and use these funds to reimburse actual expenses; with HSAs contributions are made whether or not expenses are incurred. Employers also have more freedom to select expenses covered by HRAs. Employees forfeit unused HRA funds when they change jobs but keep all unused HSA employer contributions.

Flexibility. With HRAs, employers can adjust contributions by class of employee (e.g. management, IT, clerical). HRAs can be used with any type of health insuranceor none at all. Additionally, HRAs are easier to use in conjunction with other employee benefits like cafeteria plans and FSAs.

Simplicity. HRAs are easier to understand, administer and manage. Employees dont have to store receipts for multiple years, worry about tax deductions or pay monthly administrative fees to their bank or broker.

HEALTH REIMBURSEMENT ARRANGEMENT (HRA)

[Control]

Employers pay when expense is incurred, and only to extent of contributions

Funds stay with the employer when the employee leaves the company.

Only employers may contribute.

[Flexibility]

Employer selects maximum contribution.

No restrictions on health insurance.

Contributions vary by class of employee.

May be used with FSA with few restrictions.

[Simplicity]

Funds paid from company bank account.

Employee submits receipts for payment.

Rules driven by broad IRS guidelines and company plan design.

HEALTH SAVINGS ACCOUNT (HSA)

[Control]

Employer pays full amount at beginning of year, whether or not expenses are incurred.

Funds go with the employee when he/she leaves the company.

Employers, employees or third parties may contribute.

[Flexibility]

IRS determines maximum contribution.

Must be paired with qualified high deductible plan.

All employees receive same employer contribution.

May be used only with restricted, limited-purpose FSA.

[Simplicity]

Employee sets up account with bank or brokerage and has separate policy with insurance company.

Employee manages account and submits expenses for payment.

Complex IRS regulations govern expenses, funding, participation and fiduciary requirements.


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The best-in-class HRA software platforms provide the flexibility to create and administer separate employee classes, choose what expenses youll cover, control how much youll pay and accommodate different health plans and carriers. It lets you create electronic plan documents and communicate your new plan. It also ensures your plan will be fully compliant with all regulations.

HRAs are easier to understand, administer and manage. Employees dont have to store receipts for multiple years, worry about tax deductions or pay monthly administrative fees to their bank or broker.

With HRAs, employers can adjust contributions by class of employee (e.g. management, IT, clerical). HRAs can be used with any type of health insuranceor none at all. Additionally, HRAs are easier to use in conjunction with other employee benefits like cafeteria plans and FSAs.

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About Zane Benefits, Inc.

Zane Benefits, Inc, a software company, helps insurance brokers, accountants, and employers take advantage of new defined contribution health benefits and private exchanges via its proprietary SaaS online health benefits software. Zane Benefits does not sell insurance. Using Zanes platform, insurance professionals and accountants offer their clients a defined contribution plan with multiple individual health insurance options via a private health exchange of their choice. Learn more at http://www.zanebenefits.com.





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